Cesky Krumlov [Český Krumlov] or [Krummau] town in Southern Bohemia.
Cesky Krumlov, Southern Bohemia, Czech Republic
About Cesky Krumlov
Town in Southern Bohemia [Jižní Čechy] on the banks of the Vltava River [Řeka Vltava], counting around 10 000 inhabitants.
History of Cesky Krumlov
The Town of Cesky Krumlov has been declared a historic monument. The oldest written record is from 1253 and here Krumlov is referred to as Chrumbenowe, the origin of the name comes from german Krumme Aue. According to the legends a band of fierce robbers was attacking travellers in this area.
The robbers’ lair was in a high cliff not far from the ford accross the river. The attacks were put to an end by Lord Vitek [Vítek] who killed them down to a last man. On the site of the former robbers’ lair, Vítek started the construction of the Krumlov Castle [Hrad a Zámek Český Krumlov] and on the river banks a town began to grow.
Krumlov Castle [Hrad a Zámek Český Krumlov]
The second largest castle complex in the Czech Republic, one of the most important heritage sites in the Central Europe.
In 1240 the Vitek family built their castle overlooking Vltava. The castle was at a later stage owned by the Rosenbergs, Eggenbergs and Schwarzenbergs. The upper part of the castle was used for residential purposes. The Hall of Masks [Maškarní Sál] is decorated with wall paintings of a banquet. The painter depicted in the painting several famous people of his era including himself.
In the Chinese Cabinet [Čínský Salonek] you can see a collection of porcelain from the Chang dynasty. A bridge with statues of saints brings you to the baroque Castle Theatre [Zámecké Divadlo] from 1767. In the castle gardens you can see a fountain cascade, also a revolving Open Air Theatre. The castle interior is open for public, at the time of writing this article (2009), from 1.4. to 31.10.
Places to go in Český Krumlov
In the Old Town you can find the richly decorated Town Hall [Městská Radnice]. The Church of St. Vitus [Kostel Svatého Víta] contains gothic wall paintings and a baroque altar. In the eastern part of the centre you can find the Town Museum [Městské Muzeum] with historical artefacts from the local area.
Latran [Latrán] is in the central part of the Old Town accessible from the Castle via the bridge. In Latran you can find the Marionette Museum [Muzeum Marionet], the 400 years old Brewery [Pivovar], many heritage sites and some lovely restaurants.
For those who don’t want to stick only with the Old Town can be interesting the visit of the Grafite Mine [Grafitový Důl]. Grafite in this area was already used by Celtics for their crafts.